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The revenue of the chicken meat market in Africa amounted to $11,4 billion in 2018, jumping by 6,1% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenue of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

The market value increased at an average annual rate of 1,8% over the period from 2013 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations recorded in certain years. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2017 when the market value increased by 8% year-on-year. Over the period under review, the chicken meat market reached its peak level in 2018 and is likely to see steady growth in the near future.

Consumption by country

The countries with the highest volumes of chicken meat consumption in 2018 were South Africa (2,1 million tons), Egypt (1,1 million tons) and Morocco (720 000 tons), with a combined 52% share of total consumption. Angola, Algeria, Ghana, Libya, Nigeria, Malawi, Tunisia, Congo and Democratic Republic of the Congo lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 27%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of chicken meat consumption, among the main consuming countries, was attained by Malawi, while chicken meat consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest chicken meat markets in Africa were South Africa ($3,3 billion), Egypt ($1,8 billion) and Morocco ($1,1 billion), together accounting for 54% of the total market. Nigeria, Angola, Malawi, Libya, Ghana, Tunisia, Algeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Congo lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 24%.

The countries with the highest levels of chicken meat per capita consumption in 2018 were Libya (39kg per person), South Africa (36kg per person) and Congo (23kg per person).

Market forecast to 2030

Driven by increasing demand for chicken meat in Africa, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3,1% for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 11 million tons by the end of 2030.

Production in Africa

In 2018, the amount of chicken meat produced in Africa totalled 5,7 million tons, surging by 4,2% against the previous year. The total output volume increased at an average annual rate of 2,4% over the period from 2013 to 2018. The general positive trend in terms of chicken meat output was largely conditioned by a moderate expansion of the number of producing animals and a relatively flat trend pattern in yield figures.

Production by country in Africa

The countries with the highest volumes of chicken meat production in 2018 were South Africa (1,8 million tons), Egypt (1,1 million tons) and Morocco (720 000 tons), with a combined 62% share of total production. Algeria, Nigeria, Malawi, Tunisia, Libya, Tanzania, Sudan and Mozambique lagged somewhat behind, together accounting for a further 21%.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of chicken meat production, among the main producing countries, was attained by Malawi, while chicken meat production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Imports in Africa

In 2018, approximately 1,9 million tons of chicken meat were imported in Africa, picking up by 23% against the previous year. In value terms, chicken meat imports amounted to $1,9 billion (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. In general, chicken meat imports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 when imports increased by 21% against the previous year. The level of imports peaked at $2 billion in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, imports remained at a lower figure.

Imports by country

Angola (432 000 tons) and South Africa (370 000 tons) represented the major importers of chicken meat in 2018, accounting for nearly 23 and 20% of total imports, respectively. Ghana (213 000 tons) ranks next in terms of the total imports with a 12% share, followed by Libya (6,6%), Congo (6,2%) and Democratic Republic of the Congo (5,8%). Benin (77 000 tons), Gabon (67 000 tons), Egypt (45 000 tons) and Guinea (37 000 tons) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, among the main importing countries, was attained by Guinea, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, Angola ($465 million), South Africa ($372 million) and Ghana ($188 million) appeared to be the countries with the highest levels of imports in 2018, together accounting for 53% of total imports. Libya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Egypt, Benin, Gabon and Guinea lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 31%.

Import prices by country

The chicken meat import price in Africa stood at $1,038/ton in 2018, almost the same as the previous year. Overall, the chicken meat import price continues to indicate a pronounced decline. The pace of growth was the most pronounced in 2017 with an increase of 9,1% against the previous year. The import price peaked at $1,266/ton in 2013; however, from 2014 to 2018, import prices stood at a somewhat lower figure.

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Egypt ($1,705/ton), while Congo ($835/ton) was among the lowest.

From 2013 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by South Africa, while the other leaders experienced a decline in the import price figures. – IndexBox