The European Court of Justice decided last July that the gene editing technique CRISPR should be seen and treated as genetic modification. CRISPR is a technique of precise cutting of DNA and gluing naturally occurring genes at the spot. In fact, this technique will, through knocking out or replacing undesired genes, create new organisms that are like any other naturally occurring individuals. Even though it will be impossible to distinguish any individuals created by CRISPR-technique or their offspring from naturally occurring individuals, the court feels that they should be treated as genetically modified. CRISPR can be an important technique in creating disease-resistant animals. Most disease-resistance genes, when discovered, have a rather low frequency in the most used breeds or crosses in the market.  Nevertheless, the European Court has tagged this technique as GMO, which will block its further development and use in Europe. Click here to read the full ruling. – Pig Progress