IndexBox has just published a new report titled Middle East Apple Market Analysis, Forecast, Size, Trends and Insights. The following represents a summary of the report’s key findings.

An increase of 9% recorded

The revenue of the apple market in the Middle East amounted to $3,3 billion in 2018, picking up by 9% against the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers (excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price).

Over the period under review, apple consumption continues to show a relatively flat trend pattern. In addition, the apple market attained its peak figure level at $3,9 billion in 2013. However, from 2014 to 2018, consumption remained at a lower figure.

Consumption by country in the Middle East

The countries with the highest volumes of apple consumption in 2018 were Turkey (2,9 million tons), Iran (1,9 million tons) and Syria (364 000 tons), together accounting for 86% of total consumption.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of apple consumption, among the main consuming countries, was attained by Syria, while apple consumption for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple markets in the Middle East were Turkey ($1,1 billion), Iran ($1 billion) and Syria ($384 million), with a combined 77% share of the total market.

The countries with the highest levels of apple consumption per capita in 2018 were Turkey (35kg per person), Iran (23kg per person) and Syria (20kg per person).

Production in the Middle East

In 2018, the number of apples produced in the Middle East stood at 5,8 million tons, approximately the same as the previous year. However, apple production continues to show a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2016 when production volumes increased by 6,9% against the previous year. The general negative trend in terms of apple output was largely conditioned by a relatively flat trend pattern of the harvested area and a mild drop in yield figures.

Production by country in the Middle East

The countries with the highest volumes of apple production in 2018 were Turkey (3,1 million tons), Iran (2 million tons) and Syria (362 000 tons), together accounting for 94% of total production.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of apple production, among the main producing countries, was attained by Syria, while apple production for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

Harvested area in the Middle East

In 2018, the total area harvested in terms of apple production in the Middle East totalled 426 000ha, rising by 2,1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the harvested area continues to show a relatively flat trend pattern. The harvested area dedicated to apple production attained its maximum at 544 000ha in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, the harvested area failed to regain its momentum.

Yield in the Middle East

In 2018, the average apple yield in the Middle East amounted to 14 tons per hectare. Over the period under review, the apple yield continues to show a mild curtailment. The apple yield attained its maximum level at 16 tons per hectare in 2009; however, from 2010 to 2018, yield stood at lower figures.

Exports in the Middle East

The volume of exports totalled 500 000 tons in 2018, surging by 30% against the previous year, which refers to the increased supplies from Turkey and Iran. The volume of exports peaked in 2018 and are expected to retain its growth in the immediate term. In value terms, apple exports totalled $254 million (IndexBox estimates) in 2018.

Exports by country

Turkey was the key exporter of apples in the Middle East, with the volume of exports amounting to 238 000 tons, nearly 48% of total exports in 2018. Iran (139 000 tons) ranks second in terms of total exports with a 28% share, followed by Lebanon (12%) and the Syrian Arab Republic (4,6%). Israel (18 000 tons) and the United Arab Emirates (12 000 tons) followed a long way behind the leaders.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, among the main exporting countries, was attained by Turkey, while exports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple supplying countries in the Middle East were Turkey ($95 million), Iran ($78 million) and the Syrian Arab Republic ($26 million), with a combined 78% share of total exports.

Export prices by country

The apple export price in the Middle East stood at $507 per ton in 2018, dropping by 6,1% against the previous year. Over the period under review, the apple export price continues to show a relatively flat trend pattern. Export prices peaked at $676 per ton in 2014; however, from 2015 to 2018, export prices remained at a lower figure.

There were significant differences in the average prices among the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was Israel ($1,304 per ton), while Lebanon ($213 per ton) was among the lowest.

Imports in the Middle East

In 2018, the Middle East imported approximately 635 000 tons of apples; declining by 1,6% against the previous year. The total import volume increased at an average annual rate of 2,8% over the period from 2007 to 2018; however, the trend pattern indicated some noticeable fluctuations in certain years. The volume of imports peaked at 702 000 tons in 2015; however, from 2016 to 2018, imports failed to regain their momentum. In value terms, apple imports totalled $579 million (IndexBox estimates) in 2018. 

Imports by country

Saudi Arabia (187 000 tons), the United Arab Emirates (125 000 tons) and Iraq (103 000 tons) represented roughly 66% of total apple imports in 2018. Jordan (42 000 tons) occupied a 6,6% share (based on tons) of total imports, which put the country in second place, followed by Israel (5,9%) and Kuwait (5,1%). Qatar (26 000 tons) held a relatively small share of total imports.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of imports, among the main importing countries, was attained by Israel, while imports for the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.

In value terms, the largest apple importing markets in the Middle East were Saudi Arabia ($194 million), the United Arab Emirates ($154 million) and Israel ($47 million), with a combined 68% share of total imports.

Import prices by country

The apple import price in the Middle East stood at $912 per ton in 2018, rising by 11% against the previous year. Over the last eleven years, it increased at an average annual rate of 1,7%. 

Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Israel ($1,262 per ton), while Iraq ($221 per ton) was among the lowest.

From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Qatar, while the other leaders experienced more modest paces of growth. – Press release, IndexBox AI Platform