African horse sickness (AHS) is a controlled animal disease in terms of the Animal Diseases Act 1984 (Act no 35 of 84) and certain measures have been prescribed for AHS control in zebra. Although zebra rarely show symptoms of AHS, they play an important role in the epidemiology of AHS in Africa.
That is why the veterinary authorities regulate the keeping and movement of zebra in the AHS controlled area. Knowing where the zebra are kept and in what numbers allow the veterinary authorities to accurately factor in the numbers and distribution of zebra in the AHS controlled area when designing surveillance strategies or disease outbreak responses.
Registration of properties in the AHS controlled area that contain zebra
The AHS controlled area is considered low risk for AHS and is made up of three zones: the AHS protection zone, the AHS surveillance zone and the AHS free zone. The rest of South Africa, outside the AHS controlled area, is considered endemic for AHS and is known as the AHS infected zone.
Contact your local animal health technician or state veterinarian to find out which AHS zone your animals are in. The map below shows a detailed view of each control zone:
Regulation 20B of the Animal Disease Act 1984 (Act no 35 of 84) states that “… no person shall keep zebra on any land in the African horse sickness free zone and the African horse sickness surveillance zone and the African horse sickness protection zone as described in Table 1, unless such zebra and land are registered with the director for this purpose.”
Cape Nature Conservation has kept and will continue to keep records of all properties that are adequately enclosed to keep zebra. The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) will now specifically register all properties in the AHS controlled area for the keeping of zebra to ensure that such properties are compliant with the Animal Disease Act, 1984 (Act no 35 of 84). Initial DAFF registration of these properties will be done with assistance from Cape Nature Conservation.
I already have zebra on my property. What must I do?
DAFF will not ask you to remove or cull your zebra. Properties in the AHS controlled area that already keep zebra will be registered with DAFF based on information shared by Cape Nature Conservation. DAFF registered properties will receive a certificate that contains a Zebra Keeping Registration (ZKR) number unique to the property.
Within the next three years, state veterinary services will request that you update your contact information, property boundaries and the number of zebra on your property. It is estimated that the registration of all existing properties that keep zebra will be completed by 31 January 2019.
If you would like to update your information and receive your certificate prior to being contacted by state veterinary services, or if you have not received a DAFF registration certificate by 31 January 2019, you can contact firstname.lastname@example.org for assistance.
The DAFF ZKR is valid for three years from the date of issue and must be renewed before expiry.
I do not have zebra at the moment, but I would like to keep zebra. What must I do?
Your property must be registered with DAFF and you must receive a certificate with a ZKR number unique to the property before the zebra are moved. You must complete an application form (available from www.myhorse.org.za) and submit it to email@example.com. The application must be accompanied by a Certificate of Adequate Enclosure, a letter issued by Cape Nature Conservation to confirm the property was inspected and found suitable for the keeping of zebra, or a permit from Cape Nature Conservation to keep zebra in captivity.
The DAFF registration is valid for three years from the date of issue and must be renewed before expiry.
I would like to move zebra. What should I do?
Regulation 20 of the Animal Diseases Act 1984 (Act no 35 of 84), states that “…no person shall, except under the authority of a permit issued by the responsible State Veterinarian and otherwise than in accordance with the conditions specified in such permit – … move or remove any controlled animal or thing to, across or from land in a controlled area.”
The movement of zebra to, within or from the AHS controlled area is subject to state veterinary control and you will need an AHS movement permit issued by the State Veterinarian: Boland if you would like to move zebra into the AHS controlled area, within the AHS controlled area or out of the AHS controlled area. Please note the following:
- The property or properties in the AHS controlled area must have been found to be adequate for the keeping of zebra by Cape Nature Conservation.
- The property or properties in the AHS controlled area must be registered with DAFF and have a valid registration certificate (ZKR number).
- An AHS movement permit must have been issued by the State Veterinarian: Boland for the movement.
- A translocation permit must have been issued by Cape Nature Conservation for the movement.
Contact firstname.lastname@example.org, the State Veterinarian: Boland or the Directorate: Animal Health at DAFF for more information. – Press release