The revised area estimate and second production forecast of summer crops was recently released by the Crop Estimates Committee (CEC).
The size of the expected commercial maize crop has been set at 10,561 million tons, which is 0,48% or 50 690 tons more than the previous forecast of 10,510 million tons. The estimated area for maize was adjusted downward by 1 300ha to 2,301 million hectares, while the expected yield is 4,59t/ha.
The estimated maize crop is 16% smaller than the 2018 crop. The three main maize producing areas, namely the Free State, Mpumalanga and North West provinces, are expected to produce 79% of the 2019 crop.
The estimated area for white maize was increased by 200ha to 1,298 million hectares. For yellow maize the estimated area was decreased by 1 500ha to 1,002 million hectares.
The production forecast for white maize is 5,221 million tons, which is 1,31% or 67 640 tons more than the 5,153 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for white maize is 4,02t/ha. In the case of yellow maize, the production forecast is 5,340 million tons, which is 0,32% or 16 950 tons less than the 5,357 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for yellow maize is 5,33t/ha.
Note that information from the objective yield survey by the ARC for the Mpumalanga province will be available in April 2019, and for the Free State and North West provinces in May 2019. The current yield figures are mainly obtained from producers in the different provinces.
The production forecast for sunflower seed remained unchanged at 563 590 tons. The estimated area for sunflower seed is 515 350ha, while the expected yield is 1,09t/ha.
The production forecast for soya beans also remained unchanged at 1,276 million tons. The estimated area planted to soya beans is 730 500ha and the expected yield is 1,75t/ha. The expected groundnut crop remained unchanged at 20 100 tons. For groundnuts, the estimated area is 20 050ha, with an expected yield of 1t/ha.
The production forecast for sorghum is 163 400 tons, which is 2,97% or 5 000 tons less than the 168 400 tons of the previous forecast. The estimated area for sorghum is 50 500ha and the expected yield is 3,24t/ha.
In the case of dry beans, the production forecast remained unchanged at 70 950 tons. The estimated area for dry beans is 59 300ha, with an expected yield of 1,2t/ha. Note that the third production forecast for summer field crops for 2019 will be released on 25 April 2019. – CEC report