The revised area estimate, and second production forecast of summer crops, was recently released by the Crop Estimates Committee (CEC).

Commercial maize

The size of the expected commercial maize crop has been set at 10 655 million tons, which is 0,9% or 94 650 tons more than the previous forecast of 10 561 million tons. The area estimate for maize is 2 301 million ha, while the expected yield is 4,63 t/ha.

The estimated maize crop is 15% smaller than last year’s crop. The three primary maize producing areas: the Free State, Mpumalanga and the North West provinces are expected to produce 79% of this season’s crop.

The area estimate for white maize is 1 298 million ha and for yellow maize the area estimate is 1 002 million ha.

The production forecast for white maize is 5 287 million tons, which is 1,26% or 66 000 tons more than the 5 221 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for white maize is 4,07t/ha. In the case of yellow maize the production forecast is 5 369 million tons, which is 0,54% or 28 650 tons more than the 5 340 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for yellow maize is 5,36 t/ha.

The yield per hectare for Mpumalanga province was based on scientific and objective results provided by the ARC. Please note that the objective results for the Free State and North West provinces will be available in May.

Sunflower seed

The production forecast for sunflower seed is 611 140 tons, which is 8,44% or 47 550 tons more than the previous forecast of 563 590 tons. The area estimate for sunflower seed is 515 350 hectares, while the expected yield is 1,19 t/ha.

Other crops

The production forecast for soya beans has been set at 1 296 million tons, which is 1,55% or 19 810 tons higher than the 1 276 million tons of the previous forecast. The estimated area planted to soya beans is 730 500 hectares and the expected yield is 1,77 t/ha.

The expected groundnut crop increased by 12,96% or 2 605 tons, from 20 100 tons to 22 705 tons, with an expected yield of 1,13 t/ha. Please note that a correction was made with regard to the area planted to groundnuts in the Free State (3 500ha added), and in the North West (3 500ha deducted)provinces. The national area estimate for groundnuts has remained unchanged at 20 050 ha.

The production forecast for sorghum is 165 850 tons, which is 1,5% or 2 450 tons more than the 163 400 tons of the previous forecast. The area estimate for sorghum is 50 500ha and the expected yield is 3,28 t/ha.

In the case of dry beans, the production forecast increased slightly by 1 500 tons, from 70 950 tons to 72 450 tons. The area estimate of dry beans is 59 300 hectares, with an expected yield of 1,22 t/ha.

Please note that the fourth production forecast for summer field crops for 2019 will be released on 28 May. CEC report