World food prices rose for the third consecutive month in December, as a strong rally in vegetable oil prices drove the FAO Food Price Index to its highest level in five years.

Major food price index increase

The FAO Food Price Index averaged 181,7 points during the month, a 2,5% increase from November and the highest level since December 2014.

For 2019 as a whole, the index – which tracks monthly changes in the international prices of commonly-traded food commodities – averaged 171,5 points, some 1,8% higher than in 2018 but still 25% below its peak in 2011.

Oil, sugar and dairy prices rose

The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index rose 9,4% from November, increasing for the sixth consecutive month. The latest upturn was once again driven by palm oil prices, buoyed by both solid demand, especially from the biodiesel sector, and concerns about tightening supplies. Despite the December increase – which also concerned soya, sunflower and rapeseed oils – the vegetable oil sub-index had over the course of 2019 reached its lowest annual average since 2007.

The FAO Sugar Price Index rose 4,8% from November. The rally was in part prompted by rising crude oil prices, which encouraged Brazil’s sugar mills to use more sugarcane supplies to produce ethanol, leading to reduced sugar availability in the global market.

The FAO Dairy Price Index increased by 3,3% during the month, led by cheese prices, which rose by almost 8% amid tighter export availabilities from the European Union (EU) and Oceania.

Cereal and meat prices also increased

The FAO Cereal Price Index rose 1,4%, driven mainly by wheat prices amid accelerating import demand from China and logistical problems in France due to continued protests in the country. However, maize and rice price quotations remained broadly stable.

The FAO Meat Price Index averaged 191,6 points in December, almost unchanged from its revised November value. The sub-index ended the year 18% higher than in December 2018, driven by pig meat quotations both by solid import demand from Asia and pre-festivity internal demand in the EU and Brazil. – News release, FAO